What is Hyperglycemia?
If you have Type 2 Diabetes or if you’re at risk for it, extremely high blood sugar can lead to a potentially deadly condition in which your body can’t process sugar. It’s called hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS). You’ll pee more often at first, and then less often later on, but your urine may become dark and you could get severely dehydrated.
Hyperglycemia means high (hyper) glucose (gly) in the blood (emia). The body needs glucose to properly function. Cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn’t properly using or doesn’t make the hormone insulin.
Keeping blood glucose levels in the recommended ranges throughout the day will help you avoid long-term complications of diabetes, such as eye damage, heart attack—or other cardiovascular complications, kidney damage, nerve damage, stroke, and problems with healing wounds.
Why are diabetics are more susceptible to urinary tract infections?
Hyperglycemia is the main reason why. When there is too much glucose in the blood, too much of it passes in urine too. Bacteria in the urinary tract and genital area feed on the high glucose of the urine, promoting their growth. In addition to this, immunity is weak among diabetics who have uncontrolled blood glucose.
High unopposed sugar levels cause neuropathy, which affects multiple organs including the bladder. This causes the bladder to fill without sending signals to alert the individual to go to the bathroom “lazy bladder”. Urine stasis in the bladder enhance the multiplication of bacteria and increase the risk of infection.
Has this affected you? Let us know in the comments below.